Omega 3 fatty acids are a type of polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA), a dietary fat that is liquid at room temperature (unlike saturated fats such as butter, which are solid at room temperature). There are three types of PUFAs:
- Omega-3 fatty acids , which can originate from both plant-based and marine sources.
- Alpha-Linoleic Acid (ALA) is a plant based omega-3 found in seeds such as chia and flaxseeds, as well as in nuts such as walnuts and many vegetable oils.
- Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are both found in fish oil and other marine sources, as well as some plant –based sources.
- Omega-6 fatty acids, which include linoleic acid (LA) and arachidonic acid (AA). Omega-6s are found in seeds and nuts and oils made out of them.
- Omega-9 fatty acids, these fatty acids are not required in the diet.
Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids are essential fatty acids (EFAs) because the body cannot readily produce them, so they must come from dietary sources. Omega-9 fatty acids can be manufactured in the body and so are not considered essential.
Omega-3 fatty acids regulate cellular metabolic functions and gene expression in a manner that reduces inflammation, while omega-6 fatty acids, particularly arachidonic acid (AA), can promote inflammation when consumed in excessive amounts.
Dogs and cats can benefit from high quality EPA/DHA supplement, NUTRIVITE is formulated to have these essential fatty acids, so that you don’t have to scramble to find multiple ingredients to meet their essential fatty acid requirement.
Dr.PV. Reddy., DVM, Ph.D